20. October 2020

Space Science at Droptower SEMINAR TALK

Location: ZARM Bremen - Online seminar
When: 20.10.2020, 11 h

Speaker: Tim Byrnes (New York University, Shanghai)
Title: Remote quantum clock synchronization with entanglement: Fixing the Preskill phases

A major outstanding problem for many quantum clock synchronization protocols is the hidden assumption of the availability of synchronized clocks within the protocol. In general, quantum operations between two parties do not have consistent phase definitions of quantum states, which introduce an unknown systematic phase error.  We show that despite prior arguments to the contrary, it is possible to remove this unknown phase via entanglement purification. This closes the loophole for entanglement based quantum clock synchronization protocols, which are most compatible with current photon based long-distance entanglement distribution schemes. Starting with noisy Bell pairs, we show that the scheme produces a singlet state for any combination of (i) differing basis conventions for Alice and Bob; (ii) an overall time offset in the execution of the purification algorithm; and (iii) the presence of a noisy channel. Error estimates reveal that better performance than existing classical Einstein synchronization protocols should be achievable using current technology.