11 January 2021

Space Science at Droptower SEMINAR TALK

Location: ZARM Bremen - Online seminar
When: 11.1.2021, 17:00 CET - Online

Speaker: Antonio De Felice (Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)

Title: Weakening gravity for dark matter in a type-II minimally modified gravity

Abstract:

I propose a new cosmological framework in which the strength of the gravitational force acted on dark matter at late time can be weaker than that on the standard matter fields without introducing extra gravitational degrees of freedom. The framework integrates dark matter into a type-II minimally modified gravity that was recently proposed as a dark energy mimicker. The idea that makes such a framework possibly consists of coupling a dark matter Lagrangian and a cosmological constant to the metric in a canonically transformed frame of general relativity (GR). On imposing a gauge fixing constraint, which explicitly breaks the temporal diffeomorphism invariance, we keep the number of gravitational degrees of freedom to be two, as in GR. We then make the inverse canonical transformation to bring the theory back to the original frame, where one can add the standard matter fields. This framework contains two free functions of time which specify the generating functional of the above mentioned canonical transformation and which are then used in order to realize desired time evolutions of both the Hubble expansion rate H(z) and the effective gravitational constant for dark matter Geff(z). The aim of this talk is therefore to provide a new framework to address the two puzzles present in today's cosmology, i.e. the H0 tension and the S8 tension, simultaneously. When the dark matter is cold in this framework, we dub the corresponding cosmological model the V Canonical Cold Dark Matter (VCCDM), as the cosmological constant Λ in the standard ΛCDM is replaced by a function V(ϕ) of an auxiliary field ϕ and the CDM is minimally coupled to the metric in a canonically transformed frame.